Interesting Personal Injury Case Out Of Pennsylvania Grapples With Issue Of Same-Sex Marriage :: Personal Injury Attorneys and Lawyers in Charlotte, NC

Attorney Matthew R. Arnold answering the question: “Do I have to sign a release allowing the insurance company to get my medical records?”

A recent Pennsylvania medical malpractice case involved a detour into the controversial subject of same-sex relationships and whether same-sex couples, who cannot legally marry in the state, have the right to make a claim for loss of consortium.

Male Female Symbols Charlotte North Carolina Personal Injury Workers' Compensation Wrongful Death Medical Malpractice Attorney Lawyer.jpgA judge in Philadelphia this week decided to throw out the loss of consortium claim by the same-sex couple in a medical malpractice suit filed against Temple University Hospital. The order comes as many groups, including the ACLU, are actively pushing forward a variety of cases challenging existing rights for same-sex couples.

In the case, Tammy and Jesseca Wolf have argued that denying Tammy’s claim for loss of consortium based on her gender violates the Pennsylvania Constitution’s right to equal protection. Loss of consortium is a category of damages that is awarded for the loss of family or marital companionship caused by another person’s wrongful or negligent acts. Generally, in North Carolina and other states that allow such claims, this loss can only be brought forward by married couples.

The case began with Jesseca Wolf claimed that doctors at Temple University Hospital left a metal object in her foot following a recent surgery. Temple took issue with the med mal suit, especially with the loss of consortium claim by Tammy. Temple filed a motion saying that state law should not recognize consortium claims for injuries that happen prior to marriage. The logic goes that because Pennsylvania law does not recognize same-sex marriage, then the loss of consortium claim must be dismissed.

The Wolfs responded, arguing that courts should extend loss of consortium rights to same-sex couples who hold themselves out as married given that current state law does not permit a legal marriage. The complaint laid out how Tammy and Jesseca have had two children together and have been in a committed relationship for more than 10 years. The two share a house, share expenses and rely on one another for assistance and support, all things that the law would typically agree warrant consortium damages. Furthermore, the two have held themselves out publicly as married, living together since 1998, exchanging rings in a private ceremony in 2004 and finally filing domestic partnership papers in 2007.

Ultimately the judge agreed with Temple’s argument. Experts say the judge’s hands were tied given that precedent established in appellate courts binds lower courts. Because there was no precedent for allowing same-sex couples to make a loss of consortium claim, the judge had little basis to decide otherwise. It’s likely given North Carolina’s laws that judges in the state would reach a similar conclusion, but the case does represent an interesting development in the personal injury world.

If you, or someone you know, have any questions regarding personal injury claims, please feel free to contact the experienced personal injury attorneys and lawyers in Charlotte, North Carolina at Arnold & Smith, PLLC for a free consultation. Call at 704-370-2828.

About the Author:

ARNOLD&SMITH_243 3.jpgMatthew Arnold is a Managing Member with Arnold & Smith, PLLC where he focuses his practice on Personal Injury, Family Law and Business Litigation. Mr. Arnold began his career handling insurance defense litigation for several major insurance companies. He also went on to handle business litigation cases and high value mortgage fraud cases, primarily in Superior Court.

Mr. Arnold grew up in Charlotte, graduating from Providence Senior High School and continued his education at Belmont Abbey College on a basketball scholarship. After graduating cum laude he attended law school at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill on a full academic scholarship. In his spare time, Mr. Arnold enjoys golfing and spending time on the North Carolina Coast with his wife and three young children: two daughters and one son.


“Same-sex pair’s loss of consortium claim denied,” by Gina Passarella, published at

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